What is it?
Including a pen with the trial invitation pack. The pen can contain the research institution details and/or the trial name and logo.
Does it work?
Giving a pen at recruitment probably increases retention.
How big is the effect?
An increase of 20% (95% confidence interval = 7% to 32%).
How certain are we?
GRADE Moderate certainty.
We recommend that trialists include a pen with the trial invitation pack sent to participants.
How can I use this straight away?
See Resource bundle below for support materials.
Imagine initial retention is 65% of those approached. You have a trial with 100 participants that needs responses from 80 to meet its statistical power calculations. Retention of 65% means that you will be 15 responses short (see chart below).
Now imagine giving a pen at recruitment. The chart below shows the impact of an absolute increase of 20% (95% CI = 7% to 32%). Retention is now 85%, which means our best estimate is that you would now have enough participants to meet the statistical power calculations.
*Random effects model done using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis v4 (www.meta-analysis.com).
Differences >0% favour the intervention. The GRADE assessment is low because of the imprecision of a single study.
How to Cite
Citation: Ostrovska B. Evidence pack– Retention: Pen at recruitment (RET6), 2023, https://www.trialforge.org/retention-sector/pen-at-recruitment-id-ret6/.
- This summary is from the Cochrane review of strategies to improve retention in randomised trials (https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.MR000032.pub3/full).
- The ‘Does it work?’ statement is structured according to effect size and GRADE certainty as per GRADE Guidelines 26 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2019.10.014). The statement is for moderate effect size and Moderate GRADE certainty.
- The recommendation statement is the consensus view of the authors of this summary based on the GRADE certainty and features of the trials contributing to the evidence.
- If you have any questions contact email@example.com.